Tile floors are crafted from a wide range of different materials, including natural stone, clay, different metals, quartz, and even terrazzo. Every kind of tile is truly unique, which makes it easy to find one that will fit nicely into your San Antonio home.
Ceramic tile is one of the most popular types for residential and commercial use. Ceramic tile begins as basic clay. It is then extracted and made into a mold via dry press, extrusion, or a slush molding process.
Ceramic tile is normally classified in one of two ways: Porcelain or non-porcelain. Standard ceramic tile is non-porcelain. It is created from common clay that is brown, red, or occasionally white in color. The natural minerals present in the clay are also present in non-porcelain ceramic tile.
Ceramic porcelain tile is composed of about 50 percent clay. The other half is made from the rock-forming mineral feldspar. Feldspar dissolves into a material that is similar to glass when it is bonded with the clay and fired into tiles. With small alterations in the tile-making process, ceramic porcelain can be crafted into a wide variety of looks.
Both porcelain and non-porcelain ceramic tile can be either glazed or unglazed. The glazing can be subtle (a matte finish) or it can be high gloss. This is entirely up to personal preference. However, it is important to know that glazed ceramic tile is less likely to scratch or stain. It also has better traction and is better able to repel water.
Natural Stone Tile
Natural stone tile is made from a variety of materials that are found in nature. Some of the most popular kinds of natural stone floors are granite, limestone, marble, and slate. Every type of stone has its own specific qualities, so the appearance of natural stone tile can vary dramatically. There are even variations among the same type of stone. For example, granite can be very dark in color, a pale shade of white, or nearly any color in between.
Granite is an extremely hard and durable stone, and is a popular choice for kitchen counters and floors in the Stone Oak, Alamo Heights, Shavano Park area. Marble is a softer and more porous stone, which makes it better suited for areas that don’t experience much heavy traffic. Limestone is not as dense as granite or marble, and many people like the subtle organic color palette it is available in. Sealants should be regularly applied to natural stone tiles to keep the floors stain, water, and wear resistant.
Still not sure which type of tile will best fit your lifestyle? Floor Coverings International of Northwest San Antonio is here to help. We offer free in-home design consultations and estimates to the Stone Oak, Alamo Heights, Shavano Park area. Call us today!
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